Tuesday, July 14, 2020

How To Produce Fish Feed In Nigeria

  Gist Mania       Tuesday, July 14, 2020
Fish farming is a good and thriving agricultural sector in Nigeria. In this article, am going to show you the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria. Endeavor to read this article to the end so you can apprehend every detail am going to explain within this post.

Fish farming has been in practice over the years in Nigeria, however is still on going at a high rate these days. Nowadays, it serves as a source of food, as a business along side it's exportation, and so forth. All these have made fish farming an amazing agricultural sector to engage in Nigeria.

Step by step guide on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria

How to produce fish feed in Nigeria

Read Also: How to prevent and control pest on snail farm

Due to the nutritional benefits from fish, it has brought about the robust improvement of the business. Like we do know that fish comprises omega 3 which helps to reduce the risk of Cardio vascular sicknesses, high blood stress (hbp) and so on.

Fish is always prescribed to pregnant women and nursing moms so as to assist in the speedy formation of foetus and infants. Aging and old people also needs omega 3 to maintain their health and fitness as well.

Fishes should be properly fed like every other livestock animals so as to give quality returns both as meals and income.

Read Also: Quality guide on how to start snail farming business in Nigeria

For the profitability of fish farming, you're expected to provide suitable housing structures with high-quality draining systems too. This will provide adequate hygiene for the fishes and assist them to attain growth quicker. This will also provide quality harvest and profits.

If fishes are not being fed properly, they'll try to survive by feeding on themselves or weaker ones. This could become a huge loss to the farmer and no good fish farmer running a fish farm will not have enough and nutritious feed for his fishes.

Like I said before, that this article is focused on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria. The manufacturing of the fish feed can be formulated by the use of available composite substances which can be by-products of what we eat or left over of livestock animals, along with bones, blood and excretes (manure) and so on.

For instance, most livestock farmers that do not know the value of some of these by-product substances, tend to dispose them, without knowing they can be a good source of vitamins for improvement and growth of fish.

Read also: Complete Manual to start poultry farming business in Nigeria

Waste substances are required for the producing of locally made fish feeds. These substances required for the producing of local feed may be the primary source of the vitamins to the fish.

These ingredients for production of fish feed can be classified as follows:

For Energy: 

Maize, full cream rice, wheat and a few other grains can serve as energy giving feed to the fish. Maize is rich in carbohydrate but it's far pretty difficult for the fish to ingest them without delay, so it's good to be processed with different contents in low quantity.

Wheat has gentle texture, good elongation and elasticity which makes them much more easier to digest compared to maize. Because of its correct elongation and elasticity traits, they can dissolve in water.

Full cream rice is another source of energy for the fish but has high oxidative rancidity. So it is better to be cautious while using this.

Read also: Guide to start a profitable pig farm in Nigeria

For proteins: 

Soya bean meal of about 40% raw protein, cotton seed meal of approximately 30 - 40% uncooked protein, rape seed meal of approximately 32 - 42% uncooked protein,  peanut meal earthworms, lizards, maggots, blood meal are top and good sources of protein for the fish.

For minerals: 

Snail shell powder, egg shell powder, bone powder, calcium phosphate, are true sources of mineral vitamins required for the fish. Addition of fatty content material are required reasonably in other to assist with the digestion of feed. Raw substances together with plantain, banana, cassava, rubbish, yam and so on are good uncooked materials incooperated in the production of fish feed.

Production of fish feeds using local raw materials

There are certain elements that are taken into consideration in the formulation of fish feed. There is a specific formula, this is due to the different vitamins needed by the fish. Different varieties of fishes have their own exclusive kinds of dietary necessities.

The dietary necessities of a fish is decided by the percentage to which the vitamins are being mixed in the production in their feeds. It is very crucial to know this in other to properly formulate fish feed.

Below are the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria:

1. Mix all the uncooked substances listed above like the energy food, protein and so on. In their required/right proportion.

2. Weigh the feed substances with the required amount denoted above by using the formulation specifications.

3. Grind all the elements into powdery form using a grinding fish mill.

4. Collect all the powdery substances from the grinding mill and feed them into the feed extruder, this converts them into fish pellets for easier feeding.

5. Dry the extruded pellets under the sun or with a feed dryer.

6. Then package all of the dried pellets in bags. You're through with the production of fish feed.

However, you should know that good packing store is needed for the feed so as to preserve it's content. So endeavor to keep the feed in a clean and dry environment.

The cost at which fish farming and feed production is done in Nigeria is quite high and expensive. As time goes on, the demand for feed will increase and price will also follow the queue.

So knowing the how to formulate your personal feed local will help you the farmer and at least reduce the importation of these feeds to Nigeria.

Read also: guide on how to start lucrative fish farming in Nigeria

Considering the supply of fish feed occasionally at an expensive price, has constrained the improvement of fish farming in Nigeria. So there is a great need for those locally made feed in other to help increase the financial and economic growth of the country.

In other to lessen the cost of fish feeding in Nigeria, fish farmers should embark at the production of the feed by using the local raw materials. This can provide you with the possibility to find out a very good recipe for the production of feed for your fish farming business.

So with everything I've mentioned on this post, I believe I was able to provide you with the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria. Remember to like and share this post with friends and family. and also share your thoughts using the comment section below.Thanks for your time.

Thanks for reading How To Produce Fish Feed In Nigeria

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